Nanoscale polarization patterning of ferroelectric Langmuir-Blodgett P(VDF-TrFE) films


This paper reports nanoscale piezoelectric measurements on ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)) films prepared by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique. Polarization patterning, piezoelectric hysteresis and relaxation after poling are studied in this work by piezoresponse force microscopy. High quality P(VDF-TrFE) films with a copolymer content of 30% were fabricated using a Schaefer monolayer transfer setup permitting precise control of the film microstructure. The thickness of the films deposited with 100 transfers was similar to 64 nm. Local switching resulted in written polarization lines with the lateral size in the range 70-300 nm depending on polarization time. Local hysteresis loop (at a fixed tip position) demonstrated clear ferroelectric switching with the coercive voltage approximate to 8-10V that corresponds to a macroscopic switching field (similar to 1.5MVcm(-1)) at a similar to 10 nm depth below the tip. Relatively slow ageing after poling was observed with the characteristic relaxation time of about 1500-2000 s depending on the polarization direction. The obtained results demonstrate that the stable polarization patterns can be created in LB P(VDF-TrFE) films and attest them as suitable candidates for memory and nanotemplate applications.



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Bystrov, VS; Bdikin, IK; Kiselev, DA; Yudin, S; Fridkin, VM; Kholkin, AL

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