Photocatalytic decolorization of methylene blue in the presence of TiO2/ZnS nanocomposites


The synthesis of distinct nanocrystalline TiO2 capped ZnS samples was carried out using a chemical deposition method. The materials characterization showed that the presence of ZnS onto TiO2 surface results in a red shift of the material band edge when compared with the initial semiconductor The photocatalytic activity of the prepared nanocomposites was tested on the decolorization of methylene blue (MB) aqueous solutions. The dye photodecolorization process was studied considering the influence of experimental parameters such as catalyst concentration, TiO2/ZnS ratio, pH and methylene blue adsorption rate. The material with the best catalytic activity towards the methylene blue photodecolorization was the TiO2 doped with 0.2% of ZnS. The complete photodecolorization of a 20 ppm methylene blue Solution, at natural pH was achieved in less than 20 min, nearly 70 min faster than the TiO2 photoassisted process. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



subject category

Engineering; Environmental Sciences & Ecology


Franco, A; Neves, MC; Carrott, MMLR; Mendonca, MH; Pereira, MI; Monteiro, OC

our authors


O.C. Monteiro thanks Fundacao para a Cinciae Tecnologia (FCT) for the grant SFRH/BPD/14554/2003. Marcia C. Neves thanks the University of Aveiro for a PhD grant. This work is supported by FCT, POCI and co-financed by FEDER (POCI/QUI/59615/2004).

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