Rheological characterisation of cement pastes with nanosilica, silica fume and superplasticiser additions


This paper reports the effect of silica fume (SF), nanosilica (NS) and superplasticiser (SP) addition on the rheological behaviour of Portland cement pastes with different amounts of SF (0-10%), NS (1%) and SP (0-0.4%) and water to binder (W/B) ratio of 0.4. A rheometer with concentric cylinders geometry was used and the maximum shear rate of 100 s(-1) was applied. SP decreased the hysteresis area, while SF and NS increased it. Samples with NS showed high slopes in descending curves, while samples with SF and high dosages of SP showed lower values. In both cases, the Bingham model resulted in negative values for the yield stress, so that the Herschel Bulkley model was used instead. The spread values variation on flow table did not follow a linear regression model. For this investigation, commercially available SF and NS were used.



subject category

Materials Science


Senff, L; Hotza, D; Repette, WL; Ferreira, VM; Labrincha, JA

our authors


The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Brazilian agency Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES). The authors also thank Ulmen, Votorantin Cimentos, BASF and Elkem Microsilica for providing raw materials for this work.

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