High-Accuracy Vapor Pressure Data of the Extended [C(n)C(1)im][Ntf(2)] Ionic Liquid Series: Trend Changes and Structural Shifts


For the first time, two distinct trends are clearly evidenced for the enthalpies and entropies of vaporization along the [C(n)mim][Ntf(2)] ILs series. The trend shifts observed for Delta H-g(1)m degrees and Delta S-g(1)m degrees, which occur at [C(6)mim] [Ntf(2)], are related to structural modifications. The thermodynamic results reported in the present article constitute the first quantitative experimental evidence of the structural percolation phenomenon and make a significant contribution to better understanding of the relationship among cohesive energies, volatilities, and liquid structures of ionic liquids. A new Knudsen effusion apparatus, combined with a quartz crystal microbalance, was used for the high-accuracy volatility study of the 1-alkyl-3-methylirnidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide series ([C(n)mim][Ntf(2)], where n = 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12). Vapor pressures in the (450-500) K temperature range were measured, and the molar standard enthalpies, entropies, and Gibbs energies of vaporization were derived. The thermodynamic parameters of vaporization were reported, along with molecular dynamic simulations of the liquid phase structure, allowing the establishment of a link between the thermodynamic properties and the percolation phenomenon in ILs.



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Rocha, MAA; Lima, CFRAC; Gomes, LR; Schroder, B; Coutinho, JAP; Marrucho, IM; Esperanca, JMSS; Rebelo, LPN; Shimizu, K; Lopes, JNC; Santos, LMNBF

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This work was supported by the Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia. B.S., K.S., C.F.R.A.C.L., and M.A.A.R acknowledge the financial support from Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia for the research grants, specifically: SFRH/BPD/38637/2007, SFRH/BPD/38339/2007, SRFH/BD/29394/2006, and SFRH/BD/60513/2009, respectively. We also thank FCT for financial support for the project PTDC/QUI/72903/2006.

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