Gelled graphite/gelatin composites for latent heat cold storage


Aqueous suspensions of graphite were shape stabilized by the additions of collagen and characterized as phase change materials for cold storage with enhanced thermal conductivity. Collagen addition stabilized the graphite suspensions in aqueous media without requirements for additional stabilizers or previous functionalization. Gelation at room temperatures prevented sedimentation of graphite particles. SEM of dried samples confirmed nearly random distribution of graphite particles. These gelled suspensions with enhanced thermal conductivity were tested for latent heat cold storage. The thermal response was retained upon repeated phase change cycles, and impedance spectroscopy was used to monitor these cycles. The response time upon phase change was somewhat longer than predicted by taking into account the values of thermal diffusivity and the estimated value of Stefan number, probably due to significant interfacial resistance to heat transfer, combined with discontinuities caused by volume expansion upon phase change. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.




Energy & Fuels; Engineering


Vitorino, N; Abrantes, JCC; Frade, JR

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This work was finnancially suppored by Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia-FCT project, PTDC/CTM-ENE/2073/2012. One of the authors was supported by a FCT PhD grant SFRH/BD/62598/2009.; Thermal Analysis Laboratory was funded by FEDER Funds through Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade - COMPETE and by National Funds through FCT - Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia under the project REEQ/515/CTM/2005.The SEM facilitiy was funded by FEDER Funds through QREN - Aviso SAIECT-IEC/2/2010, Operacao NORTE-07-0162-FEDER-000050.

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