Effect of cell immobilization and pH on Scheffersomyces stipitis growth and fermentation capacity in rich and inhibitory media
authors Portugal-Nunes,D., Sönchez-i-Nogu_,V., Pereira,S.R., Craveiro,S.C., Calado,A.J., Xavier A.M.R.B.
nationality International
journal Advances in Applied Ceramics
abstract Background A wide range of value-added products can potentially be produced by bioprocessing hardwood spent sulfite liquors (HSSLs) that are by-products of pulp and paper industry with a high pentose sugar content. However, besides sugars, HSSLs contain considerable amounts of sulfonated lignin derivatives and acetic acid that inhibit the metabolic activity of most microorganisms. Scheffersomyces stipitis is a yeast with high capacity to ferment the pentose sugar xylose under appropriate microaerophilic conditions but it has limited tolerance to HSSL inhibitors. In the present study, cultivations of suspended and immobilized S. stipitis were compared in terms of growth capacity and by-product formation using rich medium and HSSL to investigate whether the immobilization of cells in calcium alginate beads could be a protection against inhibitors while favoring the presence of microaerophilic conditions. Results Whereas cell immobilization clearly favored the fermentative metabolism in rich medium, pH control was found to play a more important role than cell immobilization on the ethanol production efficiency from bio-detoxified HSSL (bdHSSL), leading to an improvement of 1.3-fold on the maximum ethanol productivity than using suspended cells. When immobilization and pH control were applied simultaneously, the ethanol yield improved by 1.3-fold with unchanged productivity, reaching 0.26 g ethanol.(g glucose + xylose)−1. Analysis of the immobilized beads inside revealed that the cells had grown in the opposite direction of the cortex. Conclusions Immobilization and pH control at 5.5, when applied simultaneously, have a positive impact on the fermentative metabolism of S. stipitis, improving the ethanol production efficiency. For the first time light microscopic analysis of the beads suggested that the nutrient and mass transfer limitations played a more important role in the fermentation than a possible protective role against inhibitors. Keywords Scheffersomyces stipitis Hardwood spent sulfite liquor Cell immobilization Light microscopy Ca alginate beads Xylose fermentation Stress tolerance
year published 2015
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1186/s40643-015-0042-z
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