An atomic force microscopy mode for nondestructive electromechanical studies and its application to diphenylalanine peptide nanotubes


Nondestructive scanning probe microscopy of fragile nanoscale objects is currently in increasing need. In this paper, we report a novel atomic force microscopy mode, HybriD Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (HD-PFM), for simultaneous nondestructive analysis of piezoresponse as well as of mechanical and dielectric properties of nanoscale objects. We demonstrate this mode in application to self-assembled diphenylalanine peptide micro- and nanotubes formed on a gold-covered substrate. Nondestructive in- and out-of-plane piezoresponse measurements of tubes of less than 100 nm in diameter are demonstrated for the first time. High-resolution maps of tube elastic properties were obtained simultaneously with HD-PFM. Analysis of the measurement data combined with the finite-elements simulations allowed quantification of tube Young's modulus. The obtained value of 29 +/- 1 GPa agrees well with the data obtained with other methods and reported in the literature. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.






Kalinin, A; Atepalikhin, V; Pakhomov, O; Kholkin, AL; Tselev, A

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AK and VA acknowledge R&D department of NT-MDT Spectrum Instruments. ALK and AT acknowledge CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials (Ref. FCT UID/CTM/50011/2013) financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and, when applicable, cofinanced by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. ALK is also grateful to the project TUBITAK/0006/2014 for the financial support. In part, this work was supported by the Government of Russian Federation(Grant 074-U01) and by the Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation (Project 11.4942.2017/6.7).

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