Impact of Praseodymia Additions and Firing Conditions on Structural and Electrical Transport Properties of 5 mol.% Yttria Partially Stabilized Zirconia (5YSZ)
authors Natoli, A; Frade, JR; Bamburov, A; Zurawska, A; Yaremchenko, A
nationality International
author keywords solid electrolyte; yttria-stabilized zirconia; praseodymium oxide; electrical conductivity; ionic conductivity; thermal expansion; redox behavior; oxidation state; solid oxide cell; fluorite
abstract Featured Application Solid Electrolyte Cells for Energy Conversion. Ceramics samples with the nominal composition [(ZrO2)(0.95)(Y2O3)(0.05)](1-x)[PrOy](x) and praseodymia contents of x = 0.05-0.15 were prepared by the direct firing of compacted 5YSZ + PrOy mixtures at 1450-1550 degrees C for 1-9 h and characterized for prospective applicability in reversible solid oxide cells. XRD and SEM/EDS analysis revealed that the dissolution of praseodymium oxide in 5YSZ occurs via the formation of pyrochlore-type Pr2Zr2O7 intermediate. Increasing PrOy additions results in a larger fraction of low-conducting pyrochlore phase and larger porosity, which limit the total electrical conductivity to 2.0-4.6 S/m at 900 degrees C and 0.28-0.68 S/m at 700 degrees C in air. A longer time and higher temperature of firing promotes the phase and microstructural homogenization of the ceramics but with comparatively low effect on density and conductivity. High-temperature processing leads to the prevailing 3+ oxidation state of praseodymium cations in fluorite and pyrochlore structures. The fraction of Pr4+ at 600-1000 degrees C in air is <= 2% and is nearly independent of temperature. 5YSZ ceramics with praseodymia additions remain predominantly oxygen ionic conductors, with p-type electronic contribution increasing with Pr content but not exceeding 2% for x = 0.15 at 700-900 degrees C. The average thermal expansion coefficients of prepared ceramics are in the range of 10.4-10.7 ppm/K.
publisher MDPI
isbn 2076-3417
year published 2021
volume 11
issue 13
digital object identifier (doi) 10.3390/app11135939
web of science category 20
subject category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Engineering, Multidisciplinary; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics, Applied
unique article identifier WOS:000672265000001