Pelletized biomass fly ash for FAME production: Optimization of a continuous process
authors Vargas, EM; Villamizar, DO; Neves, MC; Nunes, MI
nationality International
journal FUEL
author keywords Biomass fly ash; Fixed bed reactor; Heterogeneous catalysts; FAME; Response surface methodology; Waste cooking oil
abstract Circularity in the resources usage is one of the current challenges in the development of our civilization. At the same time, there is an imperative need for cleaner and competitive energy sources, alternatives to those of fossil origin. In this context, the present work aimed to optimize a continuous process for fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) production using residual resources, namely waste cooking oil (WCO) and pelletized biomass fly ash as catalyst. A fixed bed tubular continuous reactor was designed and built. The pelletized catalyst performance was assessed in the reaction system, which was fed with a mixture of refined palm oil (RPO), WCO and methanol at 60 degrees C. The effect of three operating variables (residence time, WCO/RPO mass ratio and methanol/oil molar ratio) on FAME concentration was studied, using experimental the Box-Benhken design and the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The maximum FAME concentration achieved was c.a. 89.7% under the following operating conditions: 124 min of residence time, 74.6 wt% WCO/RPO and 12:1 methanol/oil molar ratio. The catalyst kept stable over the 32 h of continuous operation, without noticeable deactivation. Thus, the pelletization of an industrial biomass fly ash, with bifunctional catalytic properties, allowed its application to the FAME production in a continuous regime, with high performance even when high percentages of WCO were used as feedstock.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0016-2361
isbn 1873-7153
year published 2021
volume 293
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.fuel.2021.120425
web of science category 12
subject category Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Chemical
unique article identifier WOS:000640515600044
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 5.578
5 year journal impact factor 5.776
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 83.39
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