Searching for nitrile hydratase using the consensus-degenerate hybrid oligonucleotide primers strategy
authors Lourenco, PML; Almeida, T; Mendonca, D; Simoes, F; Novo, C
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF BASIC MICROBIOLOGY
keywords PSEUDOMONAS-CHLORORAPHIS B23; CLONING; GENES; AMIDASE; PCR; PURIFICATION; DIVERSITY; ALIGNMENT; BACTERIA; ENZYMES
abstract Consensus-Degenerate Oligonucleotide Hybrid Primers (CODEHOP) were designed by using the WWW-implemented strategy, based on multiple alignments of nitrile hydratase (NHase) alpha subunit, available from EMBL database. These primers were successfully tested with known NHase-producing bacterial strains such as Agrobacterium tumefaciens DSM 9674, Rhodococcus erythropolis DSM 9675, R. erythropolis 9685 and R. erythropolis 11397 and also allowed amplification from organisms not previously referenced (Variovorax sp. DSM 11402 and Agrobacterium sp. DSM 11401). Hybrid primer utilisation was evaluated by analysing the incorporated sequences in cloned PCR fragments. Several primers from the oligonucleotide pool seemed to participate in the amplification of the correct fragment. Common garden soil was used as a source for both acetonitrile culture enrichment screening and direct DNA extraction. A R. erythropolis strain (CCMI 1005) was isolated by culture enrichment and allowed the PCR amplification of a DNA sequence (AJ548493) identical to the NHase coding sequences commonly described for that species, while the direct use of soil DNA as template led to the CODEHOP detection of two putative NHase coding sequences (AJ548498 and AJ548499), which were significantly different from any other known sequence. The phylogenetic relationship between all sequences obtained and the published NHase coding sequences was assessed by neighbour-joining analysis. The results demonstrate the use of consensus-degenerate primers in NHase detection from organisms known to express it and in the screening for new NHase family members.
publisher WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
issn 0233-111X
year published 2004
volume 44
issue 3
beginning page 203
ending page 214
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1002/jobm.200310340
web of science category Microbiology
subject category Microbiology
unique article identifier WOS:000221973800005
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