Lead-free 0.5Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O-3-0.5(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 powder surface treated against hydrolysis - a key for a successful aqueous processing


The properties of functional ceramics and their performance in industrial applications are strongly affected by the processing treatments. We report on long term stability of aqueous 0.5Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O-3-0.5(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 (BZT-BCT) suspensions. The effects of aging time on pH and on the leaching extents of Ba, Zr and Ca elements were systematically investigated for the naked, and the surface treated particles against hydrolysis. Suspensions with solid loadings (Phi) up to 60 vol%, pseudoplastic flow behaviours and long term colloidal stability could be achieved from the surface treated powder. A fractal dimension (D) of similar to 1.97 to 1.98 was estimated for the BZT-BCT suspensions from the yield stress (tau(y)) versus (Phi) dependence, suggesting a reaction limited cluster aggregation (RLCA) type of particle aggregation with a substantial rearrangement occurring in the aggregates under shearing. The maximum solid loading (Phi(m)) approximate to 61 vol% was determined. The concentrated and stable suspensions represent a stride for successful processing of functional BZT-BCT ceramic components via various aqueous colloidal shaping methods (slip casting, gel-casting, etc.) for large scale industrial applications.



subject category

Materials Science; Physics


Kaushal, A; Olhero, SM; Ferreira, JMF

our authors


The authors are thankful to the Foundation for Science and Technology of Portugal (FCT) for the financial support under the project PTDC/CTM/099489/2008, and the post-doc grants of S. M. Olhero SFRH/BPD/87486/2012 and A. Kaushal (SFRH/BPD/77598/2011). The support from CICECO, University of Aveiro, is also acknowledged.

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