Ni-CGO cermet anodes from nanocomposite powders: Microstructural and electrochemical assessment


In this study, composite powders synthesized by a novel one-step sol-gel method were used to obtain Ni-CGO anodes, while anodes of the same composition prepared from commercial powders were used as reference. The anodes performance was studied by impedance spectroscopy and dc polarization in the temperature range of 650-750 degrees C in flowing humidified 10% H-2+90% N-2 gas mixtures, using a three-electrode configuration cell, with clear advantage for the novel one-step route. One-step anodes fired at 1450 degrees C showed an area specific resistance of 0.15 Omega cm(2) under open circuit conditions and an anodic overpotential of 91 mV at 750 degrees C for a current density of 322 mA/cm(2), which are amongst the best results mentioned in the literature. The enhanced electrochemical performance of one-step anodes is mainly attributed to unique microstructural features, namely small grain size (submicrometer scale even after firing at 1450 degrees C) and homogeneous phase distribution, which is expected to extend the triple-phase boundary length. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.



subject category

Materials Science


Macedo, DA; Figueiredo, FML; Paskocimas, CA; Martinelli, AE; Nascimento, RM; Marques, FMB

our authors


The authors express their appreciation for the financial support granted by CAPES (PRO-ENGENHARIAS and PDEE program BEX 6775/10-1), CICECO (PEst-C/CTM/LA0011/2011), and FCT/COMPETE/FEDER (Portugal). The electrochemical characterization was performed with the assistance of Dr. Aleksey Yaremchenko (CICECO, University of Aveiro, Portugal).

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