The effect of functional ions (Y3+, F-, Ti4+) on the structure, sintering and crystallization of diopside-calcium pyrophosphate bioglasses


The effects of three functional ions (yttrium Y3+, fluorine titanium Ti4+) on the glass forming ability, sintering, crystallization, and thermo-physical properties of glasses and glass-ceramics were studied in a diopside-calcium pyrophosphate (90% CaMgSi2O6-10% Ca2P2O7) system. Three different percentages (1, 3 and 5 wt%) for each additive were tested. The structural features of glasses were assessed through FT-IR (Fourier Transform infra -red spectroscopy) and Si-29 and P-31 NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance), showing that the silicate network in all the investigated glasses is predominantly coordinated in Q(2) (Si) units, while phosphorus tends to remain in the orthophosphate (Q) environment. All glasses exhibited fast rates of biomineralization, making them promising candidates for biomedical applications. The sintering and crystallization behaviours of the glass powders were studied by differential thermal analysis (DTA), while the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) was determined by dilatometry. Glass transition temperature (Tg) values of all doped glasses were lower than the parent glass, while CTE values decreased with initial addition (1 wt%), of dopants before exhibiting an increase with further addition. In Y-doped glasses, a gradual increase was seen in the values of maximum crystallization peak temperature, Tp, up to 3 wt%, while an opposite trend was observed in Ti-doped glasses, showing an enhancement of the stability of the Y-doped glasses against devitrification. F-doped glasses exhibited a similar trend. Crystalline phase evolution was analysed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and amorphous glass were obtained by sintering powder compacts from all the glasses at 800 degrees C for 1 h. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



subject category

Materials Science


Ben-Arfa, BAE; Salvado, IMM; Ferreira, JMF; Pullar, RC

our authors


R.C. Pullar wishes to thank the FCT Grant SFRH/BPD/97115/2013 for supporting this work. This work was developed in the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials (Ref. FCT UID/CTM/50011/2013), financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when applicable co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement.

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