Hexacyanoferrate-Intercalated Layered Double Hydroxides as Nanoadditives for the Detection of Early-Stage Corrosion of Steel: The Revival of Prussian blue


This work describes the synthesis and characterization of Zn-Al and Mg-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs) intercalated with hexacyanoferrate. X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy indicated a successful intercalation of hexacyanoferrate in the sub-micrometer sized platelet-like particles. Release studies of hexacyanoferrate from LDHs found that the anion is released depending on the concentration of NaCl and under alkaline conditions. When placed in contact with carbon steel under corrosive conditions, the formation of Prussian blue was detected. Furthermore, the application of potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy revealed that hexacyanoferrate has a detrimental effect on the corrosion of carbon steel, while when intercalated in LDHs this effect is minimized. Overall, these findings open perspectives for the application of these materials as smart nanoadditives in coatings for corrosion detection.



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Wilhelm, M; Quevedo, MC; Sushkova, A; Galvao, TLP; Bastos, A; Ferreira, M; Tedim, J

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This work was developed in the scope of the SMARTAQUA project, which is funded by the Foundation for Science and Technology in Portugal (FCT), the Research Council of Norway (RCN-284002), Malta Council for Science and Technology (MCST), and co-funded by European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the framework of ERA-NET Cofund MarTERA (Maritime and Marine Technologies for a new Era), and in the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, UIDB/50011/2020 & UIDP/50011/2020, financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when appropriate co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. M. C. Quevedo thanks SmarBioR project (CENTRO-01-0145-FEDER-000018) for a post-doc fellowship.

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