High refrigerant capacity of PrNi5-xCox magnetic compounds exploiting its spin reorientation and magnetic transition over a wide temperature zone
authors Rocco, DL; Amaral, JS; Leitao, JV; Amaral, VS; Reis, MS; Das, S; Fernandes, RP; Araujo, JP; Pereira, AM; Tavares, PB; Martins, NV; Coelho, AA
nationality International
abstract The ferromagnetically coupled cobalt ion is observed to create a magnetocrystalline anisotropy in the PrNi5-xCox structure above a critical composition of x = 2. The competition of the anisotropy energies between Co and Pr sublattices gives rise to a spin reorientation (SR) phenomenon in PrNi5-xCox compounds at a low temperature (similar to 150 K) which is then followed by a magnetic transition at a higher temperature. Co-doping has a strong influence on the Curie temperature, changing it from similar to 60K (x = 1.95) to similar to 537K ( x = 3). The magnetic entropy change is associated with SR as well as a magnetic transition, and correspondingly a large full width at half maximum (delta T-FWHM) is obtained for this series of compounds. For example, the PrNi2.85Co2.15 compound presents delta T-FWHM = 166K at a 1 T field. This series therefore has an appreciable relative cooling power, which makes this material a suitable magnetic refrigerant over a large temperature span.
issn 0022-3727
year published 2009
volume 42
issue 5
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1088/0022-3727/42/5/055002
web of science category Physics, Applied
subject category Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000263565200007
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