Electrical assisted laser floating zone (EALFZ) growth of 2212-BSCCO superconducting fibres


The new electrical assisted laser floating zone (EALFZ) technique was used to grow superconducting fibres of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 (2212-BSCCO). The application of an electrical current through the crystallization interface proved to advantageously modify the phase nature and texture of 2212-BSCCO polycrystalline fibres compared to conventionally laser floating zone (LFZ) grown ones. The current application during the growth induces a selective and more intense ionic migration along the fibre axis. As a result, an increase in superconducting phase fraction and a decrease of residual melt were observed together with grain alignment intensification. The main outcome in the superconducting properties is the improvement of the critical current density at 77 K, from 1.2 x 10(3) A/cm(2), in the LFZ fibres, to 2.8 x 10(3) A/cm(2), in the EALFZ processed ones. (C) 2010 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.



subject category

Chemistry; Materials Science; Physics


Carrasco, MF; Amaral, VS; Silva, RF; Costa, FM

our authors


The financial funding from the FCT Project PTDC/CTM/66195/2006 is gratefully acknowledged by the authors.

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