Enhancement of superconductivity in LFZ-grown BSCCO fibres by steeper axial temperature gradients
authors Vieira, JM; Silva, RA; Silva, RF; Costa, FM
nationality International
journal APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
author keywords Superconducting fibres; BSCCO; Laser floating zone technique; Thermal gradient
keywords HEATED PEDESTAL GROWTH; PHASE; MICROSTRUCTURE; INTERFACE; TRANSPORT; BI-2212; RODS
abstract Laser floating zone (LFZ) method was employed to grow superconducting polycrystalline Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O fibres of 2:2:1:2 nominal composition with two different diameters (1.75 and 2.50 mm). The temperature profile at the solid/liquid interface was calculated along the fibre radii from estimations of the heat transfer coefficient and thermal conductivity of the fibres. Values of temperature gradient G = 3.17 x 10(5) K m(-1) and G = 2.65 x 10(5) K m(-1) at the fibre centre were obtained for the thinner and the thicker fibres, respectively. Growth under a steep temperature gradient has significant consequences on the microstructure of the thinner fibres: an improved texture and the absence of the copper-free Bi-x(Sr,Ca)(y)O-z secondary phase. These features lead to the superior transport properties of the thinner fibres that present a higher value of critical current density (J(C) = 2200 A cm(-2)) than the wider ones (J(C) = 1400 A cm(-2)). (C) 2011 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0169-4332
year published 2012
volume 258
issue 23
beginning page 9175
ending page 9180
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.11.054
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Materials Science, Coatings & Films; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter
subject category Chemistry; Materials Science; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000307241800015
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