Wood-burning stoves in low-carbon dwellings
authors Carvalho, RL; Jensen, OM; Afshari, A; Bergsoe, NC
nationality International
author keywords Low-carbon dwellings; Renewable energy; Building retrofitting; Residential heating; Wood-burning stoves; Energy performance; Particle emission
keywords PARTICLES
abstract The European climate change strategy intends to encourage the erection of low-carbon buildings and the upgrading of existing buildings to low-carbon level. At the same time, it is an EU vision to maximise the use of renewable energy resources. In this strategy, small-scale wood-burning is an overlooked source for heating. A wood-burning stove is considered low-carbon technology since its fuel is based on local residual biomass. A field study investigating how modern wood-burning stoves operated in modern single-family houses showed that intermittent heat supply occasionally conflicted with the primary heating system and that chimney exhaust occasionally conflicted with the ventilation system causing overheating and particles in the indoor environment. Nonetheless, most of the wood-burning stoves contributed considerably to the total heating. On this background, it was concluded that better combustion technology and automatics, controlling the interplay between stove and house, can make wood-burning stoves suitable for low-carbon dwellings and meet the remaining heat demand during the coldest period. It was further concluded that new guidelines need to be elaborated about how to install and operate new stoves. For instance, lighting a modern stove requires far more skill that the scout-fire skill that was necessary for lighting an old stove. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
issn 0378-7788
year published 2013
volume 59
beginning page 244
ending page 251
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.12.006
web of science category Construction & Building Technology; Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Civil
subject category Construction & Building Technology; Energy & Fuels; Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000317449000026
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journal impact factor 4.867
5 year journal impact factor 5.055
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