Encapsulation of Al and Ti-Al alloy 1-D nanorods into oxide matrix by powerful pulsed discharge method


Encapsulated metal nanostructures were prepared using the powerful pulsed discharge method. Metal nanorods were obtained in porous titania and alumina matrix by direct electrodeposition from 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride-based ionic liquids. The deposition process was characterized by cyclic voltammetry. Morphology of the encapsulated structures was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) for morphological and elemental analysis. It was found that the most efficient method for electrodeposition of pure aluminum into titania nanotubes is the potential cycling method, while for deposition of the Al-Ti alloy in alumina pores a pulsed method with three different steps is preferable. Closing the titania nanotubes was found to be possible both with empty and metal-filled pores, whereas in alumina matrix this procedure can be performed only when pores are filled with a conductive material. The obtained results throw light on the mechanism of porous film encapsulation under high-voltage pulses and allow preparing encapsulated nanostructures in the oxide films.



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Lisenkov, AD; Poznyak, SK; Almeida, CMR; Zheludkevich, ML; Ferreira, MGS

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This work was supported by the EU Program "NANEL" PIRSES-GA-2011-295273 and by the FCT-Portugal (FCT projects PTDC/CTM-NAN/113570/2009 and PTDC/CTM/72223/). This work was also developed in the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials (Ref. FCT UID/CTM/50011/2013), financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when applicable co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. Aleksey Lisenkov also acknowledges FCT grant SFRH/BD/78628/2011.

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