Magnetic‐based Strategies for Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering


The fabrication of biological substitutes to repair, replace, or enhance tissue- and organ-level functions is a long-sought goal of tissue engineering (TE). However, the clinical translation of TE is hindered by several challenges, including the lack of suitable mechanical, chemical, and biological properties in one biomaterial, and the inability to generate large, vascularized tissues with a complex structure of native tissues. Over the past decade, a new generation of “smart” materials has revolutionized the conventional medical field, transforming TE into a more accurate and sophisticated concept. At the vanguard of scientific development, magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have garnered extensive attention owing to their significant potential in various biomedical applications owing to their inherent properties such as biocompatibility and rapid remote response to magnetic fields. Therefore, to develop functional tissue replacements, magnetic force-based TE (Mag-TE) has emerged as an alternative to conventional TE strategies, allowing for the fabrication and real-time monitoring of tissues engineered in vitro. This review addresses the recent studies on the use of MNPs for TE, emphasizing the in vitro, in vivo, and clinical applications. Future perspectives of Mag-TE in the fields of TE and regenerative medicine are also discussed.


A. Sofia Silva, Lúcia Santos, João F. Mano

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