Kinetic Study of the Static Hydrothermal Synthesis of BaTiO3 Using Titanate Nanotubes Precursors
authors Maxim, F; Vilarinho, PM; Ferreira, P; Reaney, IM; Levin, I
nationality International
journal CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN
keywords BARIUM-TITANATE; NANOCRYSTALLINE BATIO3; PHASE-CHANGE; PARTICLES; NANOWIRES; SIZE; POWDERS; NANOSTRUCTURES; MECHANISMS; CERAMICS
abstract A kinetic study of the growth of BaTiO3 under hydrothermal conditions using layered titanate nanotubes as precursors has been performed at 110 and 200 degrees C. At the early stages of crystallization, irrespective of temperature, pseudocubic BaTiO3 nucleates on the surfaces of the nanotubes. Growth subsequently proceeds by a phase-boundary mechanism with exponent m approximate to 1. During this first regime, "wild type" dendritic particles form with a rough surface and a microstructure which contains planar defects. As the reaction proceeds beyond 70% completion, the nanotubes fully dissolve, and nucleation and growth of tetragonal rather than pseudocubic BaTiO3 take place. During this second regime, the morphology of the BaTiO3 particles remains predominantly dendritic with "seaweed" morphology and a smooth surface, but smaller spherical precipitates and particles with a small number of dendritic arms are also observed. For this stage in the hydrothermal process, the exponent, m approximate to 0.2, does not correspond to any known kinetic mechanisms.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 1528-7483
year published 2011
volume 11
issue 8
beginning page 3358
ending page 3365
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/cg101466u
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Crystallography; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Crystallography; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000293356400009
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