Uncovering the potential of aqueous solutions of deep eutectic solvents on the extraction and purification of collagen type I from Atlantic codfish (Gadus morhua)
authors Bisht, M; Martins, M; Dias, ACRV; Ventura, SPM; Coutinho, JAP
nationality International
journal GREEN CHEMISTRY
keywords CHOLINE CHLORIDE; WASTE MATERIAL; SKIN; BONE; SEA; CHALLENGES; SCALE; WATER; ACIDS
abstract Marine fish industries discard huge amounts of fish waste every year, which in turn impose problems of environmental pollution and loss of economic value. About 75% of the total weight of fish is discarded in the form of skins, bones, fins, heads, guts, and scales, which contain high levels of collagen type I. Generally, major sources for commercial collagens are the skin and bone of pigs and cows; however, these sources are chiefly associated with the risk of transference of zoonotic diseases or religious issues. Traditional protocols applied to the extraction of collagen are outdated, mainly with respect to present demands to develop more sustainable processes. This work explores the use of sustainable solvents, such as deep eutectic solvents (DES), to develop a more efficient, cost-effective and biocompatible process to extract collagen from waste from the fish industry waste. The extraction of collagen from the skin of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) using aqueous solutions of various eutectic solvents was studied, and after selection of the best solvent, an aqueous solution of urea (U) and lactic acid (LA) at a molar ratio of 1 : 2 (U : LA 1 : 2), the collagen extracted was properly characterized using SDS-PAGE, CD, FTIR, and XRD, and shown to be of type I. The results obtained here demonstrate an improvement in the yield and quality of the extracted collagen when eutectic mixtures were applied instead of acetic acid. After optimization of the process conditions, a maximum extraction yield of 6% was obtained for the aqueous solution of U : LA 1 : 2 at 0.75 M. The present work demonstrates the potential use of codfish skin waste and an aqueous solution of a DES to develop a more environmentally-friendly process to obtain high-quality collagen type I. It is an effort to convince industries to valorize their own residues under the guidelines of a circular economy.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 1463-9262
isbn 1463-9270
year published 2021
volume 23
issue 22
beginning page 8940
ending page 8948
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/d1gc01432c
web of science category 9
subject category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Green & Sustainable Science & Technology
unique article identifier WOS:000710472000001
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 9.48
5 year journal impact factor 9.707
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 92.662
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